Hose Station: Dedicated location equipped with a water source, a hose, fittings, and storage for this equipment. Available for fire-fighting, but primarily positioned in production and processing areas for routine cleaning of machines and facilities.
Things to Consider: Overall dimensions, Weight, Pump, Pump motor, Casters, Cabinet material, Control panel material, Plumbing materials, Hose driver motors, Capacity (diameter), Number of nozzles, Drive belt material, Hose driver material, Pressure, Number and type of ports, Valve size, Maximum pressure, Hose diameter and length, Wand, Hose reel, Chemical injection capabilities, Truck brush materials , Pressure washer maximum pressure, Warranty.
Utilities, RODI Packages: RO/DI (Reverse Osmosis/Deionization) systems help to remove impurities from water, such as chlorine, chloramines, pesticides, phosphates, heavy metals and many others. Deionizing removes phosphates, silicates and nitrates.
Things to Consider: Capacity, Number of stages, Function/type of each stage, NSF certified cartridges, Product water output rate, Wastewater output rate, Disposal means for wastewater, Fitting types, Included valves, Pump requirements.
Utilities, Waste Neutralization Packages: A system or machine used to render materials and solutions chemically neutral before they are dumped into a sewer system. Such a process would add an acid to a basic solution or a base to an acidic solution to achieve neutralization. Some systems can handle fluoride reduction and heavy metals. Systems range in size from large municipal installations to small laboratory equipment.
Things to Consider: Type of waste, Batch size or flow rate, Neutralization tank capacity, Chemical tank capacity, Monitoring tank capacity, Mixer power (HP), Metering pump (GPH), Noise level, Sealed to eliminate vapors, Vent design, Pump options with high level alarms and automatic shutoffs, Local or remote monitoring, Dimensions, Control panel, Electrical requirements, Feed and drainage connection types, Agency approvals, Local plumbing code requirements.
Water treatment is a process that makes water more acceptable for a desired end-use. These can include use for drinking water, industrial processes, medical, and many other uses. The goal of all water treatment process is to remove existing contaminants in the water, improving it for subsequent use. There are many treatment processes for water, depending upon its application. Pharmaceutical and laboratory water usually requires ultra-pure water with extremely low levels of dissolved gases and other contaminants. Treatment, using degasification and decarbonation equipment, increases the life of process equipment by preventing or controlling corrosion.
Things to Consider: Method of treatment or purification (Deionization/Adsorption/Filtration/Ultrafiltration/Distillation/UV oxidation), ASTM water grade standard (Type I/II/III/IV), Cleaning capacity, Flow rate, FDA approval, NSF listing, Maximum flow rate, Maximum inlet pressure, Minimum inlet pressure, Maximum inlet water temperature, Cartridge dimensions, Shipping weight, Micron rating, Electrical requirements for pumps, Storage reservoir, Overall dimensions of treatment system, Waterline connection types, Microprocessor control, Replacement frequency for consumable components.
WFI Utilities. Water for Injection (WFI) is water that is injected into the human body. It must be purified by distillation or two-stage reverse osmosis. It is usually stored and distributed hot (at 80 degrees C) in order to meet microbial quality requirements. Distillation is the process of heating a liquid until it boils, capturing and cooling the resultant hot vapors, and collecting the condensed vapors. Reverse osmosis is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side.
Things to Consider: Storage in continuously circulating system with turbulent flow, Maintained at 80-85C, Stainless steel preferred material of construction, Interior surfaces highly polished then electropolished then passivated, Dead zones in system eliminated or minimized, Pretreatment of feed water to remove chlorine compounds, Percolation through ion exchange media, Distillation or reverse osmosis filtration as final step, System design for easy drainage and frequent sanitizing, Product water output rate (L/hour), Gravity feed to storage tank in close proximity to treatment (avoid use of transfer pumps or extensive piping), Validation process (installation qualification/operational qualification/performance qualification), Meet specifications in United States Pharmacopeia, USP 24 Specification for Water Purity for WFI: Conductivity < 2.1 microS/cm at 25C, Total Organic Carbon (TOC) < 500ppm, Microbial (recommended Action Limit) 10 cfu/100mL, Endotoxin < 0.25 EU/mL, Production method either distillation or reverse osmosis.